Brain Injury

Everyone who has suffered a brain injury will face different, unique challenges, and these can go beyond purely physical issues. At The Rehab Physio we have extensive experience of brain injury rehabilitation and an understanding of not only brain injury, but how it can affect a person and those close to them. We’ll help to improve their physical symptoms, and also work closely with members of the family, carers and other health care professionals to co-ordinate the person’s overall treatment.

Our specialist team has access to the latest technologies and techniques from around the world, and a great deal of professional experience. We can improve such crucial things as balance, muscle strength and joint mobility, and help people to reach their full potential.

Brain Injuries

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury sustained to the brain since birth and can be categorised as:

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are those caused by a serious head impact, such as in a road crash, a fall, an accident or as a result of an assault.

Non Traumatic brain injuries are caused by a disease or some form of damage to the brain tissue. This can be a gradual condition such as a tumour, or a sudden event – for instance a disruption to the blood supply caused by tumour, encephalitis, brain hemorrhage or stroke.

What are the effects?

The effects can be very varied depending on the type and severity of the injury, and which part of the brain has been injured, but may include some or all of the following:

  • Loss of or impaired movement in arms and/or legs
  • Reduced ability to do everyday things
  • Changes to brain function, memory and personality
  • Problems with balance
  • Altered muscular tone and spasticity
  • Headaches and dizziness

In severe cases, the effects can be long-term, and sufferers can have problems which impact their personality as well as their physical state. It can put pressure on their personal relationships, and limit their ability to live independently.


As with most neurological conditions, the extent of the recovery and rehabilitation possible from brain injury is different in every individual case. The brain often has a surprising ability to adapt; the only way to access this ability is to put the right demand upon it, using advanced neurological physiotherapy techniques. Some typical treatments are:

  • Strengthening and mobilisation exercises
  • Improving balance and mobility through use of mobility aids and postural re-education
  • Reducing muscle stiffness, spasms and pain through stretching programmes
  • Improve walking quality and reduce the risk of falls through balance work, gait re-education and training
  • Increasing sensation through sensory stimulation
  • Helping reduce foot drop through functional electrical stimulation (FES) and various orthotics

Patients who also have non-physical symptoms such as loss of memory, cognition and anxiety can experience significant benefits through the structure and routine of a physiotherapy programme.

The Rehab Physio works closely with neuropsychologists and occupational therapists to assess non-physical issues following brain injury, which helps us to make the best decisions about a patient’s rehabilitation programme. Often people are helped to reach their goals through physical exercise, because they’re guided by experts in both physical health and complex neurological conditions.

Crucially, our advanced computer technology helps measure progress and feeds back the information to the patient. We can highlight real progress that the individual might not be aware of in themselves – and that can really help keep the patient feeling motivated and focused as treatment progresses.

Brain Injury treatments

Brain Injury Patient Stories

Terry's Story
For sports enthusiast, Terry, a goals-based rehabilitation programme has made a huge impact on his recovery journey following a brain injury, and he’s been able to hit his targets of walking his daughter down the aisle, dancing at his 60th birthday party and returning to Liverpool FC’s home games…
Paul's Story - crop
Paul's Story
Following a traumatic brain injury, Paul, a keen amateur athlete, has beaten all the odds and with the help of The Rehab Physio is now training for the IRONMAN World Championships in Hawaii next year.